Sighur Transliteration

The table below details the phonemes and allophones of the two major dialects of Sighur and how each of these sounds is represented in the Latin alphabet.

Conservative Dialect Northern Dialect Latin Notes
Vowels (Monophthongs)
[i] i
[y] ü
[ɛ] e [æ] is an allophone of /ɛ/ before nasal consonants.
[æ]
[œ] ö
[ɨ] [ɪ] ı Note that ı is an i that lacks a tittle.
[u] u or ou [ʊ] is an allophone of /u/ before liquids in the Conservative Dialect.
[ʊ]
[o̞] o [ɔ] is an allophone of /o̞/ before [ɫ] in the Conservative Dialect.
[ɔ]
[ɑ] a
Vowels (Diphthongs)
[aɪ̯] ay
[eɪ̯] ey
[aʊ̯] au
[eʊ̯] eu
Consonants
[m] m [ɱ] is an allophone of /m/ before /f/ and /v/ in the Northern Dialect.
[ɱ]
[n] n [ŋ] is an allophone of /n/ before velar consonants.
[ŋ]
[p] p [p̚] is an allophone of /p/ and /b/ as finals.
[p̚]
[b] b
[t̪] t [t̪̚] is an allophone of /t/ and /d/ as finals.
[t̪̚]
[d̪] d [ð] is an intervocalic allophone of /d/ in the Conservative Dialect.
[ð]
[d̪] dd Where an intervocalic /d/ would still be pronounced [d̪] in the Conservative Dialect, it is written dd. Speakers of the Northern Dialect sometimes write this as a single d given that there is no phonological distinction in their speech.
[k] k [c] is an allophone of /k/ before front vowels in the Northern Dialect.
[c]
[g] g [ɟ] is an allophone of /g/ before front vowels in the Northern Dialect.
[ɟ]
[ʔ]
[s] s
[z] z
[ʃ] ş
[tʃ] ç
[dʒ] c
[ɸ] [f] f
[β] [v] v [v] and [ʋ] are used in roughly equal distribution among speakers of the Northern Dialect.
[ʋ]
[x] kh
[ɣ] [j] gh /ɣ/ and /j/ have merged into [j] the Northern Dialect.
[j] y
[h] h
[ɾ] r [r] is an allophone of /ɾ/ at the beginning of a stressed syllable.
[r]
[r̥] rh [r̥] is only found at the beginning of root words and converts to /ɾ/ if moved to any non-initial environment.
[l] l
[ɫ.l] [l] ll Intervocalic /ll/ is realized as [ɫ.l] in the Conservative Dialect. Speakers of the Northern Dialect sometimes write this as a single l given that there is no phonological distinction in their speech.

The Latin letters j, q, w and x are not used to transliterate Sighur.

Finals
All vowels, including diphthongs, can be used as syllable finals. The following consonants may also be realized as finals: m, n, p/b, t/d, s, z, ş, r, l. All other consonants are either not pronounced if moved into a syllable-final environment (though, in particular, h may still be written) or will have a “helping vowel” inserted after (usually ı).

Stress
In any (primary) stressed syllable of a word root that is not the penultimate (before last) syllable, the main vowel of that syllable will have an accent mark. Adding suffixes to any word root does not require any additional orthographical change of this sort.

Sighur Transliteration

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